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Chirkin V.E. Three global legal systems of modernity: convergence and antagonisms

Опубликовано в журнале "SENTENTIA. European Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences" в № 2 за 2015 год в рубрике "Law" на страницах 143-156.

Аннотация: The author examines the existing in the Russian and foreign literature classifications of legal systems and legal families, notices their inaccuracies. The terms "legal system» and "legal family» are often used as a single, different social essence of the major legal systems is ignored. Anglo-Saxon law and totalitarian socialist legal system are in the same classification unit. It is offered new approaches and synthesis. The author uses the historical, logical, deductive, inductive and comparative research methods, applies the formational-civilizational approach and, on this basis, identifies three major legal systems in the modern world: the Muslim system, liberal semi-social capitalist system and the totalitarian socialist system. On the basis of socio-culturalogical legal approach within each of the global systems are highlighted the legal families, there are examples of countries. In the Moslem system there are fundamentalist (radikalist) and modernized (upgraded) legal families, but also for another reason - the Sunni and Shiite communities legal families, in the liberal semi-social capitalist system there are Anglo Saxon, the Romano-German and other families, in the totalitarian socialist system - orthodox Leninist-Bolshevik and partly modenized, upgraded (but only in the area of economic regulation) family.

Ключевые слова: the legal systems, Classification, The Muslim system, Liberal capitalist system, Totalitarian socialist system, Legal families, Comparative Law, Family Law, Islamic law, common law

DOI: 10.7256/1339-3057.2015.2.15082

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