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Rozalba A. Unfair terms, protective nullity and Court’s powers : some reference points after JőrÖs’ and Asbeek Brusse’s judgements.

Опубликовано в журнале "SENTENTIA. European Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences" в № 2 за 2015 год в рубрике "Law" на страницах 130-142.

Аннотация: The paper takes the cases Jőrös (Case C- 397/11,) and Asbeek Brusse,(case C-488-11), both dated 30 may 2013, as a starting point for a more general analysis of the ECJ’s approach to the legal consequences to be drawn by a national Court from finding that a contractual term is unfair. The essay focuses on the question whether the interest of the consumer- at the basis of the remedy under consideration – is compatible with the general public interest and with the duty of the National Court to declare the nullity of its own motion , perhaps in contrast with the individual interest of the party. The paper criticizes the “Pannon ruling”, and points out how the more recent Banif Plus judgment (2012) has refined that ruling even when the partial nullity is concerned. If the duty of the National Court to declare the nullity of its own motion aims to guarantee a general interest and the values held by the Constitution - the A. argues- there is no way the consumer can “oppose” to the declaration and express his own interest to preserve the contract. Consistently with this idea of consumer protection, in the recent Jőrös judgment the ECJ partially reviews also the so called Perenicova jurisprudence and clarifies that the National Court is required to determine whether or not the contract can continue to produce its effects on the basis of objective criteria.

Ключевые слова: European Union, European Union law, European market, European Court, case law, judgment, court rulings, consumer contracts, unfair terms, protective nullity

DOI: 10.7256/1339-3057.2015.2.15603

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For the origin of the formula, see references in GENTILI A. La «nullità di protezione», Le tutele contrattuali e il diritto europeo, Napoli, 2012, P. 672.
For an overview see GAVRILOVIC N., The Unfair Contract Terms Directive through the Practice of the Court of Justice of the European Union : Interpretation or something more ? ERCL, 2013, 2, P. 163
The view is taken by PAGLIANTINI, S. Nullità di protezione, integrazione dispositiva e massimo effetto utile :variazioni sul tema dell’asimmetria contrattuale, in Persona e mercato, 2/2012, 107-108
MAZZAMUTO S. ,Brevi note in tema di conservazione o caducazione del contratto in dipendenza della nullita della clausola abusiva, in Contratto e impresa., 1994, P. 1097
D’ADDA A. , Giurisprudenza comunitaria e “massimo effetto utile per il consumatore”: nullità (parziale) necessaria della clausola abusiva e integrazione del contratto, I Contratti, 1/2013, P.16
For earlier reflections on the topic, see DE NOVA G. Nullità relativa, nullità parziale e clausole vessatorie non specificamente approvare per iscritto , in Riv.dir.civ. 1976, P. 486 .
SCALISI V., L’invalidità e l’inefficacia, Manuale di diritto privato europeo, vol. II, Proprietà Obbligazioni Contratti , Milano 2007. P. 487.
See also, ROTT P. ,Case note on Banco Español de credito v.Joaquí Calderón Camino, European Review of Contract Law, 2012, 4, P. 477
For this argument , see FERRI G.B., La ´cultura del contratto e la struttura del mercato`, in Riv. dir. comm., 1997, P. I
ALESSI R., Transazioni commerciali e redistribuzione tra le parti del costo del ritardato pagamento: per una lettura del d.lgs. 231/2002 al riparo dall'ambiguo richiamo all' "equità"., Studi in onore di Antonio Palazzo, Diritto Privato, 3 Proprietà e rapporti obbligatori, Torino, 2009, P 1

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