Опубликовано в журнале "PHILHARMONICA. International Music Journal" в № 1 за 2014 год в рубрике "Музыкальная психология" на страницах 98-104.
Аннотация: The purpose of this paper is to present a universal model for human talent following the example of musical talent. Psychological categories used to describe high achievements' potential - ‘abilities', ‘giftedness', ‘talent', ‘creativity', ‘intelligence' and ‘motivation' - are shown as parts and elements of an organized structure. A more detailed model for musical talent is constructed where familiar psychological categories reveal their sub-components, such as sense of rhythm, pitch and memory for musical ability or productive imagination and architectonic ear for musical giftedness. Musical motivation is associated with expressive ear origi¬nating from communication signals of early man. Three musical tests, helping to distinguish psychological resources of music lover versus active music amateur or professional musician, are presented. The testing system for music made possible: 1) to discover a future music lover in a child and thus invite her/him to music school (according to longitudinal study done from 2001 to 2009 with first-and second-graders, these children extremely rarely drop out); 2) to give the opportunity to those with professional music potential to reveal it and choose a career in music; 3) to pinpoint future winners of music competitions before the competition starts; 4) to predict future success or failure of musi¬cal prodigies when they are still before their teens. Finally, the author suggests the new structure for our basic talents with motiva-tional, operational and creative ‘blocks' functionally similar to their ‘musical counterparts'. Presumably, that could be the model for each of H.Gardner's ‘multiple intelligences' form-ing human talents spectrum. Isn't it possible to use the newly constructed model as a clue to testing practice for other talents outside music? That makes a socially relevant goal for future research in vocational psychology.
Ключевые слова: musical prospective, human talent, signals, expressive, professional music potential, music competitions, motivational, creative, musical counterparts, multiple intelligences
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